The ancient city Kaunos
A visit to the ancient city of Kaunos with its impressive archaeological sites, which can be reached after a beautiful ride through the reeds delta, is a highlight of your trip to Turkey. The ruined city lies on the western bank of the Dalyan River, about a mile in a straight line from> Dalyan.
For a few Lira a rowing boat puts you on the other bank of the river. Lycian King Tombs are carved right into the rock above you. If you're a good walker, you can climb to the tombs and take a look at the burial chambers. Without this detour to the graves is a 30 minute walk to the ancient city Kaunos. You walk through the ruins of an old hamam (Turkish bath), a citadel and an amphitheater; stone witnesses of the past. Who climbs to the fortress will be rewarded with an incomparable view of Dalyan to the sea. Also enjoy the sounds of silence.
The history of Kaunos
Turkish archaeologists have found the ruins of the ancient port city Kaunos in 1967. They dated Kaunos at least 5000 years. The first written reference to the town comes from Herodotus in the 5th century BC, but it may be that the history of Kaunos goes back to the 10th century BC. The Carian city was a colony of a Greek city-state. Carians, Persians, Greeks, Romans and Byzantines ruled the city until it was conquered by the Turkish.
Menteşe was a Turkish principality whose territory corresponds approximately to the present province of Muğla. In ancient times Kaunos was rich and fertile. In particular, it was beyond the borders known for its dried figs.
Stone witnesses of different eras
The well-preserved ruins from different periods are evidence of the eventful history of the Carian city. Today, you can still see remnants of the old buildings such as the theater, the church, the bathhouse, the temple, the agora (market, trading center), the port facility and the fort. There are also many non-exposed areas. If you see these historical relics, imagine how big and important Kaunos once was.
By the way: Once Kaunos was right on the sea and was an important port. The coastline shifted and the town is now about 8 kilometers from the sea.
A tour of Kaunos take you about two hours.